Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Investigation and Minerals, Proximate Components and their Relationship on Hydromethanolic Extract of Unripe Musa sapientum Peel and Pulp
Volume 3 ; Issue 2 ; in Month : July-Dec (2020) Article No : 126
Ogadinma N. IIochi and Arthur N. Chuemere
Hydromethanolic extracts of Nigeria variety of unripe Musa sapientum peel and pulp were subjected to phytonutrient gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) investigation and proximate and mineral content analysis. Moreover, this study also aims to propose a new method to differentiate isolated proximate components and minerals. GC-MS characterized eight main physiochemical each and additionally identified 16 and 13 fragments associated with peels and pulps respectively. Our results proved varietal differences in the nutritional values of unripe and ripe peels and pulps ordered: unripe peel > unripe pulp > ripe peel > ripe pulp respectively in descending order with respective concentration: 300.63 > 280.12 > 151.92 > 146.22. Interestingly, harmonic mean analysis postulated also varietal differences in the overall distribution of mineral contents thus: unripe peel > ripe peel > unripe pulp > ripe pulp; while proximate compositions as: ripe peel > unripe pulp > ripe pulp > unripe peel in descending order with respective concentrations 8.45> 7.59 >7.58> 2.48; and 4.24 > 3.57>3.23 >2.63 respectively, which highlighted efficacy and superiority of the different parts and types of the fruit in their food-medicine promoting properties. Our result justifies scientifically the existence of different important compounds in unripe Musa sapientum peels and pulps that may be responsible for medicinal actions against specific major disorders of interest.
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